Nutrition Landscape Information System (NLiS) is a web-based tool providing nutrition and nutrition-related health and development data in the form of automated country profiles and user-defined downloadable data. Malnutrition is a critical area for all ages in Cambodia, particularly for the poorest rural populations. It refers to deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and nutrients. The term malnutrition for village Khmer addresses three broad groups of conditions: undernutrition, which includes wasting (low weight-for-height), stunting (low height-for-age) and underweight (low weight-for-age); micronutrient-related malnutrition, which includes micronutrient deficiencies (a lack of important vitamins and minerals) or micronutrient excess; and overweight, obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases, (such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and some cancers). Undernutrition is a public health problem in Khmer villages in all surveys.
In the last decade, Cambodia’s poverty rate has declined but malnutrition rates remain high, and complementary feeding practices continue to be poor. Annually, more than six thousand Cambodian children under the age of 5-years die as a result of maternal malnutrition, underweight and wasting, poor infant feeding practices or micronutrient deficiencies. For infants and children under the age of two, the consequences of undernutrition are particularly severe, often irreversible, and reach far into the future.
Malnutrition, resulting in stunting of children, undermines human capital and economic productivity. To help fight the effects of poor nutrition, FAO UN – Cambodia started an agriculture project: Improving Food Security and Market Linkages for Smallholders (MALIS) in Preah Vihear and Otdar Meanchey in northern Cambodia. The project focused on boosting food security by increasing the number of farmers who diversify production, enhance productivity and increase resilience, and improve their family feeding practices. The Community seeks to expand this program in targeted areas through its Green Connection Centers. >>Read More
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